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A coccus plural cocci is any bacterium or archaeon that has Cocci - Various - Provincia In Grata spherical, ovoid, or generally round shape. Cocci can grow in pairs, chains, or clusters, depending on their orientation and attachment during cell division.
Contrast to many bacilli-shaped bacteria, most cocci bacteria do not have flagella and are non-motile.
Structure for cocci may vary between gram positive and gram negative bacterial wall types. The cell wall structure for cocci may vary between gram positive thick peptidoglycan layers and gram negative thin peptidoglycan layers. While living in their Cocci - Various - Provincia In Grata organism, cocci can be pathogenic Santiago Sunset - Earl Klugh - Life Stories. The Gram-Positive Cocci are a large group of loosely bacteria with similar morphology.
All are the spherical or nearly so, but they vary considerably in size. Members of some genera are identifiable by the way cells are attached to one another: in pockets, in chains, or grapes like clusters. These arrangements reflect patterns of cell division and fact that cell stick together. Sarcina cells, for example, are arranged in cubical pockets because cell division alternates regularly among the three perpendicular planes.
Streptococcus spp. Some of these strings, for example, S. They are called diplococci. Species of Staphylococcus have no regular plane of division. They form grape-like structures. The various Gram-positive cocci differ physiologically and by habitat. Micrococcus spp. Staphylococcus spp. They ferment sugars, producing lactic acid as an end product. Many of these species produce carotenoid pigments, which color their colonies yellow or orange.
Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen. It can infect almost Any tissue in the body, frequently the skin. It often causes nasocomial hospital-acquired infections. Cocci may occur as single cells or remain attached following cell division. Those that Cocci - Various - Provincia In Grata attached can be classified based on cellular arrangement: .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Cocci. For the genus of scale insects, see Coccus insect. For the fungal disease, see Coccidioidomycosis. Not to be confused with Cocchi. Fundamentals of Microbiology 10th ed. Sherris medical microbiology 7th ed. Introduction to Microbiology. Les Pauls Spleen - Fëdor Kahlil Kramer - The Wake Of Urizen : Bacteria. Book Category Commons.
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