Label: Apple Records - SO-383 • Format: Vinyl LP, Album, Reissue • Country: US • Genre: Rock • Style: Pop Rock
Abbey Road is the eleventh studio album by English rock band the Beatlesreleased on 26 September by Apple Records. The recording sessions were the last in which all four Beatles participated.
Let It Be was the final album that the Beatles completed and released before the band's dissolution in Aprilbut most of the album had been recorded before the Abbey Road sessions began. The album incorporates genres Pětašede - Zpraku! - Za Hranici as bluesrock and pop and makes use of the Moog synthesizer and the Leslie speaker.
Side two contains a medley of song fragments edited together to form a single piece. John Lennon had privately left the group by the time that the album was released, and Paul McCartney publicly quit the following year. Abbey Road was an immediate commercial success and reached number one in the UK and US, although it initially received mixed reviews, with some critics describing its music as inauthentic and bemoaning the production's artificial effects.
The two-sided hit single from the album, " Something " backed with " Come Together ", was released in October and topped the Billboard Hot chart in the United States.
George Harrison 's contributions in "Something" and " Here Comes the Sun " Playa Del Sol - Gary Knox - Life At The Beach considered to be among the best songs that he wrote for the group. The album is ranked as one of the Beatles' best-selling, including a multi-platinum certification by the RIAAand continues to attract critical praise.
After the tense and unpleasant recording sessions for the proposed Get Back album, Paul McCartney suggested to music producer George Martin that the group get together and make an album "the way we used to do it",  Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road of the conflict that had begun during sessions for The Beatles also known as the "White Album".
Martin agreed, but on the strict condition that all the group — particularly John Lennon — allow him to produce the record in the same manner as earlier albums and that discipline would be adhered to. McCartney, Starr and Martin have reported positive recollections of the sessions,  while George Harrison said, "we did actually perform like musicians again". Lennon's wife, Yoko Onohad become a permanent presence at Beatles' Kate - Púrpura Ink - Breakin Chains and clashed with other members.
A doctor told Ono to rest in bed, so Lennon had one installed in the studio so she could observe the recording process from there. The album's two-halves represented a compromise; Lennon wanted a traditional release with Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road and unrelated songs while McCartney and Martin wanted to continue their thematic approach from Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by incorporating a medley. Lennon ultimately said that he disliked Abbey Road as a whole and felt that it lacked authenticity, calling McCartney's contributions "[music] for the Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road to dig" and not "real songs"  and describing the medley as "junk Nobody was entirely sure that the work was going to be the group's last, though Harrison said "it felt as if we were reaching the end of the line".
Therefore, Let It Be became the last album to be finished and released by the Beatles, even though its recording had begun before Abbey Road. Beatles author Jonathan Gould suggested that the song has only a single "pariah-like protagonist" and Lennon was "painting another sardonic self-portrait".
A settlement was reached in whereby Lennon promised to record three songs from Levy's publishing catalogue for his next album. Cocker's version appeared on his album Joe Cocker! The song was issued as a double A-side single with "Come Together" in October and topped the US charts for one week, becoming the first Beatles number-one single that was not a Lennon—McCartney composition;  it was also the first Beatles single from an already released album in the UK.
He wrote the song after the group's trip to India in and wanted to record it for the White Album, but it was rejected by the others as "too complicated". The recording was fraught with tension between band members, as McCartney annoyed others by insisting on a perfect performance. The track was the first Lennon was invited to work on following his car accident, but he hated it and declined to do so.
It was a real drag". Starr was more sympathetic to the song. Darling" was written by McCartney in the doo-wop style, similar to contemporary work by Frank Zappa. McCartney attempted recording the lead vocal only once a day.
He said: "I came into the studios early every day for a week to sing it by myself because at first my voice was too clear. I wanted it to sound as though I'd been performing it on stage all week. As was the case with most of the Beatles' albums, Starr sang lead vocal on one track.
It was inspired by a trip to Sardinia aboard Peter Sellers ' yacht after Starr left the band for two weeks with his family during the sessions for the White Album. Starr received a full songwriting credit and composed most of the lyrics, though the song's melodic structure was partly written in the studio by Harrison. The finished song is a combination of two different recording attempts. This was subsequently combined with a second version made during the Abbey Road sessions proper in April.
Harrison sang lead and played acoustic guitar, McCartney provided backing vocals and played bass and Starr played the drums. Martin provided an orchestral arrangement in collaboration with Harrison, who overdubbed a Moog synthesizer part on 19 August, immediately before the final mix. Though not released as a single, the song attracted attention and critical praise.
Harrison recorded a guitar solo for this track that did not appear in the final mix. He recalled he was "lying on the sofa in our house, listening to Yoko play Suddenly, I said, 'Can you play those chords backward? The group considered the vocals to be some of the hardest and most complex they attempted. Harrison played the Moog synthesizer, and Martin played the harpsichord that opens the track. Side two contains a minute medley of eight short songs, recorded over July and August and blended into a suite by McCartney and Martin.
McCartney has claimed that the band's dispute over Allen Klein and what McCartney viewed as Klein's empty promises were the inspiration for the song's lyrics. The track is a suite of Somewhere My Love - Various - Late Night Sounds In Stereo styles, ranging from a piano-led ballad at the start to arpeggiated guitars at the end.
Following it are Lennon's " Mean Mr. Mustard " written during the Beatles' trip to India and " Polythene Pam ". Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road seconds into the song are 18 bars of lead guitar: the first two bars are played by McCartney, the second two by Harrison, and the Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road two by Lennon, with the sequence being played three times.
The solos were cut live against the existing backing track in one take. The song ends with the memorable final line, "And in the end, the love you take is equal to the love you make". This section was taped separately to the first, and required the piano to be re-recorded by McCartney, which was done on 18 August.
It was originally included in a rough mix of the side two eight-song medley known during the recording sessions as "The Long One"   and officially available for the first time on the album's 3CD Super Deluxe edition box setappearing between "Mean Mr.
Mustard" and "Polythene Pam". McCartney disliked the way the medley sounded when it included "Her Majesty", so he asked for it to be cut. The tape box bore an instruction to leave "Her Majesty" off the final product, but the next day when mastering engineer Malcolm Davies received the tape, he also trained not to throw anything away cut a playback lacquer of the whole sequence, including "Her Majesty". The Beatles liked this effect and included it on the album. Mustard", while the final note remained buried in the mix of "Polythene Pam", as a result of being snipped off the reel during a rough mix of the medley on 30 July.
The medley was subsequently mixed again from scratch although the song was not touched again and still appears in its rough mix on the album.
The song title appears on the inlay card and disc of the remastered CD reissue, as track All three of these Harrison demos were later featured on Anthology 3. During the sessions for the medley, McCartney recorded " Come and Get It ", playing all the instruments.
It was assumed to be a demo recording for another artist  but McCartney later said that he originally intended to put it on Abbey Road. The original backing track to " Something ", featuring a piano-led coda,  and "You Never Give Me Your Money", which leads into a fast rock-n-roll jam session have appeared on bootlegs.
Abbey Road was recorded on eight-track reel to reel tape machines  rather than the four-track machines that were used for earlier Beatles albums such as Sgt Pepperand was the first Beatles album not to be issued in mono. The BBC Records Presents - Fifty Years Of Royal Broadcasts, 1924 - 1974 is not merely used as a background effect but sometimes plays a central Youll Never Go Back - Brendan Shine - Live At The Thatch, as in "Because" where it is used for the middle eight.
The instrument was introduced to the band by Harrison who acquired one in November and subsequently used it to create his Electronic Sound Feels Like The First Time - Foreigner - Records. I went nuts on the toms. Abbey Road was also the first and only Beatles album to be entirely recorded through a solid-state transistor mixing desk, the TG Mk Ias opposed to earlier thermionic valve -based REDD desks.
The TG console also allowed better support for eight-track multitrack recordinghelping the Beatles' considerable use of overdubbing. The warmth of solid-state recording also afforded their music with brighter tonalities and a deeper low-end that distinguished Abbey Road from the rest of their corpus, providing listeners with an abiding sense that the Beatles' final long-player was markedly different, that they ended their career in a new and Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road phase in terms of their sonic capabilities.
Alan Parsons worked as Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road assistant engineer on the album. The cover was designed by Apple Records creative director Kosh. It is the only original UK Beatles album sleeve to show neither the artist name nor the album title on its front cover, which was Kosh's idea, despite EMI claiming the record would not sell without this information.
He later explained that "we didn't need to write the band's name on the cover They were the most famous band in the world". The front cover design was a photograph of the group on a zebra crossing based on ideas that McCartney sketched  [nb 4] and taken on 8 August outside EMI Studios on Abbey Road.
At that morning, photographer Iain Macmillan was given only ten minutes to take the photo while he stood on a step-ladder and a policeman held up traffic behind the Wonder - David Vorhaus - Atmos 6.
Water/New Age. Macmillan took six photographs, which McCartney examined with a magnifying glass before deciding which would be used on the album sleeve. In the image selected by McCartney, the group walk across the street in single file from left to right, with Lennon leading, followed by Starr, McCartney, and Harrison. McCartney is barefoot and out of step with the others.
Apart from Harrison, the group are wearing suits designed by Tommy Nutter. After the album was released, the number plate LMW F was stolen repeatedly from the car. On the original cover, McCartney holds a cigarette; inseveral US poster companies airbrushed the cigarette out of the image without permission from Apple or McCartney.
Shortly after the album's release, the cover became part of the " Paul is dead " theory that was spreading across college campuses in the United States. According to followers of the rumour, the cover depicted the Beatles walking out of a cemetery in a funeral procession. The procession was led by Lennon dressed in white as a religious figure; Starr was dressed in black as the undertaker; McCartney, out of step with the others, was a barefoot corpse; and Harrison dressed in denim was the gravedigger.
The left-handed McCartney is holding a cigarette in his right hand, indicating that he is an imposter, and the number plate on the Volkswagen parked on the street is 28IF, meaning that McCartney would have been 28 if he had lived — despite Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road fact that he was only 27 at the Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road of the photo and subsequent release of the record.
The Come Together - The Beatles - Abbey Road of the Beatles on the Abbey Road crossing Hey, Er Din Mor Syg ? - Svedbanken - Svedbanken become one of the most famous and imitated in recording history. Abbey Road initially received mixed reviews from music critics who criticised the production's artificial sounds and viewed its music as inauthentic.
Conversely, Chris Welch wrote in Melody Maker : "the truth is, their latest LP is just a natural born gas, entirely free of pretension, deep meanings or symbolism … While production is simple compared to past intricacies, it is still extremely sophisticated and inventive. Pepper " and stating, "That the Beatles can unify seemingly countless musical fragments and lyrical doodlings into a uniformly wonderful suite Everyone is putting down Abbey Road. Because the world is round it turns her on.
Charlie Watts tells us he likes it too. Many critics have since cited Abbey Road as the Beatles' greatest album.